Chanute, Octave Alexandre

Chanute, Octave Alexandre
SUBJECT AREA: Aerospace
[br]
b. 18 February 1832 Paris, France
d. 24 November 1910 Chicago, USA
[br]
American engineer, developer of successful hang-gliders in the 1890s and disseminator of aeronautical information.
[br]
Chanute was born in Paris, but from the age of 6 he lived in the United States, where he became a prominent railway engineer. He developed an interest in aviation relatively late in life, and in fact built his first glider at the age of 64. Before that, he had collected all the information he could find on aviation, especially on the work of Otto Lilienthal in Germany. In 1894 he published an account of these researches in a classic work, Progress in Flying Machines.
By 1896 Chanute was ready to carry out practical experiments of his own and designed a series of hang-gliders. He started with a Lilienthal-type monoplane and progressed to his very successful biplane glider. He used a bridge-truss method of cross-bracing to give his wings the required strength, a system used by many of his successors, including the Wright brothers. Chanute's gliders were flown on the shore of Lake Michigan by his two young assistants A.M.Herring and W.Avery. The biplane glider made some seven hundred flights without mishap, covering up to 100 m (110 yds). In 1898 Herring fitted an engine into a modified glider and claimed to have made two short hops.
In 1900 the Wright brothers made contact with Chanute and sought his advice, which he readily gave, indeed, he became one of their most trusted advisors. In 1903 Chanute travelled to Paris and gave an illustrated lecture describing his own and the Wrights' gliding successes, generating much interest amongst European aviators.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Royal Aeronautical Society Gold Medal 1910.
Bibliography
1894, Progress in Flying Machines, New York (Chanute's classic work).
Further Reading
C.H.Gibbs-Smith, 1986, Aviation, London.
—1965, The Invention of the Aeroplane 1799–1909, London (both describe Chanute's place in the history of aviation).
T.D.Crouch, A Dream of Wings, Americans and the Airplane 1875–1905 (includes several chapters on Chanute and a comprehensive bibliography).
Chanute is also mentioned in most of the biographies of the Wright brothers.
JDS

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Octave Alexandre Chanut — Octave Chanute, eigentl. Octave Alexandre Chanut, (* 18. Februar 1832 in Paris; † 23. November 1910 in Chicago, Illinois) war ein amerikanischer Eisenbahningenieur und ein wichtiger Luftfahrt Pionier. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Octave Chanute — (February 18, 1832, Paris – November 23, 1910, Chicago, Illinois) was a French born American railway engineer and aviation pioneer. He provided the Wright brothers with help and advice, and helped to publicize their flying experiments. At his… …   Wikipedia

  • Octave Chanute — Octave Chanute, eigentl. Octave Alexandre Chanut, (* 18. Februar 1832 in Paris; † 23. November 1910 in Chicago, Illinois) war ein amerikanischer Eisenbahningenieur und ein wichtiger Luftfahrt Pionier. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Шанют, Октав — Октав Шанют Octave Chanute …   Википедия

  • Шанют — Шанют, Октав Октав Шанют Octave Chanute пионер авиации Имя при рождении …   Википедия

  • Triangle control frame — The triangle control frame (TCF or A frame) is widely used in hang gliders, powered hang gliders, and ultralight aircraft. TCF is just one of many sorts of control solutions. TCF resolves a means of using weight shifting attitude control in… …   Wikipedia

  • 1890s — Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 18th century – 19th century – 20th century Decades: 1860s 1870s 1880s – 1890s – 1900s 1910s 1920s …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Cha — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste bekannter Ingenieure — Siehe auch: Liste von Erfindern, Liste der Biographien, Kategorie:Ingenieur, Erfinder, Konstrukteur, Liste Persönlichkeiten der Elektrotechnik A Ingenieur Lebensdaten Erfindungen, Leistungen, ingenieurwissenschaftliche Tätigkeiten Roman Abt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Individuals — see also about The following is a list of all individuals considered, with name, first name(s), years of birth and death, * portrait available and location of main professional activity. Names of persons contained in volume 1 are in italic and… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

  • Liste des fontaines Wallace de Paris — Cette liste recence les fontaines Wallace de Paris, en France. Sommaire 1 Statistiques 2 Liste 2.1 Fontaines en place 2.2 Fontaines disparues …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”